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Rijal Almaa: The Heritage Village and Tourism in the South of Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia has the most gorgeous natural phenomena in the world, with six of the phenomena being recognized as world heritage sites which are: Hima Cultural Zone: Hegra AlUla: Al Turaif Diriyah: Al Ahsa Oasis and Rock Arts in the Region Al Hail. Additionally, the Rijal village, which is situated in the Region of Assir, is the home of several heritage sites. Additionally, it is the capital city of the Rijal Almaa Region. Generally, the village existed as a natural passage connecting individuals from the Levant and Yemen to Madinah and Makkah, making it a vital regional money-making center (Aldossary, 2018). The village comprises about sixty palaces constructed from natural clay, stone, and wood. The palace comprises a number of floors.

The village generally has historical importance because it has numerous old and long fortresses (El-Khadrawy, Attia & Rashed, 2022). Furthermore, the visitors are open to visiting this village; individuals can get to the place via a few means, including Hobail, Muhayil Asir, Aqabat Sama, plus Sawda center (Attieh & Alhinawy, 2021). The Commission responsible for Saudi Tourism and Antiquities has implemented a restoration plan for the whole village with the contribution of associates from the private sector and the public.

The village comprises a heritage museum formed through the struggles of the local populations to protect their local heritage (Elbelkasy & Mustafa, 2022). One of the forts has been turned into the museum's headquarters ever since 1985 (Elassal, 2020). At the center of the village, there is a museum that views the Palace of Al Al-wan as its HQs. Typically it was picked as the headquarters because it has a number of floors, and its structure is from more than 4 centuries. Additionally, the renovation has been done in the palace, where the village dwellers contributed (Al Mohaya & Elassal, 2021). The museum shows the village's exceptional heritage, gatherings of manuscripts, antiquities, weapons, and tools. It shelters more than 2 thousand documents and antiquities spread in nineteen sectors of the entire museum.


Aldossary, N. A. (2018). Application of Urban sustainable design strategies for development and rehabilitation of Al-Qahad heritage village.Future Cities and Environment,4(1).

Attieh, E. M. E., & Alhinawy, O. S. A. (2021). The Traditional Architecture of the Heritage Villages in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and the Thermal Performance Efficiency. advanced Studies in Efficient Environmental Design and City Planning(pp. 121-132). Springer, Cham.

Elbelkasy, M. I., & Mustafa, M. M. I. (2022). Investment of Heritage Villages in Saudi Arabia—Case Study of Al-Khubara Village in Qassim. conservation of Architectural Heritage(pp. 345-356). Springer, Cham.

Elassal, M. (2020). Geomorphological Heritage Attractions Proposed for Geotourism in Asir Mountains, Saudi Arabia. Geoheritage,12(4), 1-18.

Al Mohaya, J., & Elassal, M. (2021). Assessment of Eco-tourism Potentials to Enhance Tourist Attractiveness in Asir Mountains, Saudi Arabia.Annals of the Romanian Society for Cell Biology,25(6), 13671-13695.

El-Khadrawy, R. K., Attia, A. A., & Rashed, R. (2022). Partnerships for Sustainable Tourism Development in the Cultural Heritage Sites. conservation of Architectural Heritage(pp. 57-69). Springer, Cham.

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